Saudi Arabia occupies four-fifths of the Arabian Peninsula. Its area is around 2.15 million sq km (mostly uninhabited desert).
Check out Saudi Arabia photos to view its beautiful
nature and desert landscape, beaches, traditional old cities and modern architecture.
The official name of Saudi Arabia is the "Kingdom of Saudi Arabia" (KSA). The name is spelled in Arabic as
al-Mamlaka al-Arabiya al-Saudiya or al-Saudia.
Riyadh is the capital of Saudi Arabia. Other main cities in Saudi Arabia include:
Jeddah, Dammam, Abha, Dhahran, Khobar, Jubail, Yanbu, Taif. Also, the Holiest Cities of Islam Mecca (Makkah) and Medina (Madinah),
the birthplace and burial place of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
Saudi Arabia is rich in oil (around 25% of the world reserves) and gas (around 4% of the world reserves).
It is also rich in other mineral resources such as gold, silver, iron, lead and copper.
Tourism in Saudi Arabia is mostly religious. It attracts millions of
pilgrimages each year for Hajj and Umrah, specially during the Holy month of Ramadan.
It also gets lots of visitors who come for business. Saudi Arabia hotels and touristic services are of high levels.
Saudi Arabia is the cradle of Islam. It has a wealth of Muslim, historic, cultural and natural sites such as
Masjid al-Haram, the Kaaba, Masjid al-Nabawi, Madain Saleh and the Empty Quarter.
The population of Saudi Arabia is around 26.1 millions (around 5.5 millions are non-nationals).
The main spoken languages are Arabic and English.